Although the terms counselling and therapy are often used interchangeably, there is a difference between psychotherapy and psychological counseling. Counselling focuses on specific issues and is designed to help a person address a particular problem, such as addiction or stress management. The focus may be on problem solving or on learning specific techniques for coping with or avoiding problem areas. Counselling is also usually more short-term than therapy. Therapy is also a protected term in some countries and US states, requiring specific licensing to use.
Behavioral Therapy. This approach to therapy focuses on learning and behavior in an effort to change unhealthy behavioral patterns. We try to help patients learn new associations and break the cycle of automatic behaviours which may be unhelpful.
Cognitive Therapy. The emphasis in cognitive therapy is on a person’s thoughts. The idea is that dysfunctional thinking is what leads to dysfunctional emotions or behaviors. The goal is to help the person recognize unhealthy thinking patterns and to recognize and change inaccurate beliefs.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave.